The most significant find in American archaeology is Cactus Hill.
Until recently most Americans would have learnt at school the first people arrived in America by crossing the Baring Strait 13,000 years ago. With them they brought a unique new technology called Clovis and they became known as the Clovis people.
For a long time archaeologists had believed there were a people in America before the Clovis people, a number of finds and sites had been discovered over the years. In the 90′s the discovery of Cactus Hill finally provided the irrefutable evidence to prove this view.
Four main questions arise, who these earlier people were, where did they come from and when did they arrive? And were they the only earlier people or were there others?
In an earlier Blog I covered Solutrean Theory.
Solutrean theory has taken on board Cactus Hill and suggests the finds at Cactus Hill are the missing link between the Solutreans who disapeared 18,000 years ago and the Clovis culture which began around 13,000 years ago.
Personally looking at the Cactus Hill technology I find it far too primitive. While there is parallell flaking in Cactus Hill it is crude and nowhere near matches the Solutreans or Clovis Culture and doesn’t resemble a continuity period.
This superb documentary on Cactus Hill explains the significance of the site.
Cactus Hill Video